1、Which of the following prefix means half? A、uni- B、tetra- C、hemi- D、bi-
2、Which of the following prefix means difficult or painful? A、dys- B、tachy- C、brady- D、eu-
3、Which of the following suffix means record or picture? A、-graph B、-gram C、-graphy D、-meter
4、Which of the following suffix means excision? A、-otomy B、-ostomy C、-otom D、-ectomy
5、Which of the following means surgical repair of the esophagus? A、esophagocele B、esophagoplasty C、esophagoscope D、chondroplasty
6、Which of the following means rupture of the liver? A、hepatitis B、hepatorrhexis C、hepatoma D、hepatorrhaphy
7、Which of the following means the layer above the dermis? A、hypodermis B、subcutaneous C、epidermis D、subdermis
8、Which of the following means inflammation of the kidney? A、nephrtits B、nephrorrhagia C、neuritis D、nephroptosis
9、Which of the following suffix means instrument for viewing the stomach? A、brochoscopy B、bronchoscope C、gastroscopy D、gastroscope
10、Which of the following means heart pain? A、carditis B、gastralgia C、cardialgia D、rhinalgia
第二章 身体结构（ Body Structure）
1、The chin is below the nose so the chin is __________to the nose A、superior B、inferior C、anterior D、posterior
2、The knee is near to the body trunk compared with feet, so the knee is ___________ to feet. A、distal B、superficial C、deep D、proximal
3、The nose is in front of ears so the nose is _________to ears. A、superior B、inferior C、anterior D、posterior
4、The skin is the covering of body while bone is buried inside so the skin is _______to bone A、distal B、superficial C、deep D、proximal
5、___________means “Bottom or lower part of an organ.” A、base B、apex C、supine D、prone
6、__________means “The body lying horizontally and facing downward.” A、base B、apex C、supine D、prone
7、Which of the following means fat cell_________ A、erythrocyte B、leukocyte C、adipocyte D、adipoma
8、Which of the following means study of tissue____________ A、physiology B、histology C、neurology D、dentology
9、Which of the following means above stomach____________ A、hypoglossal B、epinephrine C、epigastric D、hypoglycemia
10、What does postnasal mean? A、in front of nose B、behind nose C、beside mouth D、in front eye
第三章 皮肤系统（ Integumentary System）
1、Which of the following means within the skin? A、subcutaneous B、hypodermic C、intradermal D、epidermal
2、Which of the following means skin disease? A、dermatopathy B、dermatitis C、dermatologist D、dermatology
3、Which of the following means abnormal condition of excessive sweat? A、anhidrosis B、hyperhidrosis C、necrosis D、hypohidrosis
4、Which of the following means black tumor? A、melanoma B、lipoma C、hepatoma D、gastroma
5、Which of the following means softening of nails? A、onychectomy B、onychomalacia C、onychomycosis D、onychophagia
6、Collagen fibers are the major components of the ____. A、epidermis B、dermis C、subcutaneous layer D、hypodermis
7、Special cells, ____, in the epidermis produce the black pigment that gives color to the skin and protects against damage from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. A、melanocytes B、erythrocytes C、leukocytes D、phagocytes
9、Which of the following is not the accessory structure of the skin? A、hair B、nail C、sweat gland D、sebum
10、___ protrudes into the hair bulb and provides nutrients for the growing hair. A、Hair papilla B、Hair follicle C、Hair root D、Arrector pili muscle
第四章 心血管系统 （Cardiovascular System）
1、Which of the following valve guards the atrioventricular orifice between the right atrium and the right ventricle? A、tricuspid valve B、bicuspid valve C、mitral valve D、semilunar valve
2、Which of the heart chamber receives blood returning from the pulmonary veins? A、right atrium B、right ventricle C、left atrium D、left ventricle
3、Which of the following statement is not true? A、the sinoatrial node sets the rhythm for heart beat B、the signal from the sinoatrial node can be directly transported to Bundle of His C、the signal from the A-V node is passed to bundle of His D、the distal end of the bundle of His is called purkinje fiibers
4、________ are smallest blood vessels, which provide sites of exchange of substances between the blood and the body cells A、arteries B、veins C、venules D、capillaries
5、Which of the following is the innermost layer of the heart wall? A、epicardium B、myocardium C、endocardium D、pericardium
6、Which of the following means heart muscle disease? A、tachycardia B、cardiomegaly C、pericarditis D、cardiomyopathy
7、Which of the following means hardening of the vessel? A、angiostenosis B、angiosclerosis C、vasculopathy D、vasography
8、Which of the following means suturing of an artery? A、venorrhaphy B、phleboplasty C、arteriorrhaphy D、telangiitis
9、Which of the following means process of recording a vein? A、phlebography B、phlebogram C、arterioplasty D、venectomy
10、Which of the following means inflammation of a valve? A、valvulotomy B、angiorrhexis C、ventriculogram D、valvulitis
第五章 肌肉骨骼系统 （Musculoskeletal System）
1、Which of the following means inflammation of vertebrae? A、chondritis B、arthritis C、tendinitis D、spondylitis
2、which of the following means disease of tendon and muscle? A、tenodynia B、tenomyopathy C、tendotomy D、tendoplasty
3、Which of the following means surgical repair of bone? A、osteomalacia B、orthopedics C、osteoporosis D、osteoplasty
4、Which of the following means bone and cartilage tumor? A、osteochondroma B、myeloma C、osteocarcinoma D、melanoma
5、Which of the following means incision into the joint? A、arthrocentesis B、articulation C、arthrotomy D、arthrostomy
6、Which of the following is not the facial bone? A、zygomatic bone B、palatine bone C、lacrimal bone D、sphenoid bone
7、Which of the following is not the bone in the axial skeleton? A、scapula B、cranium C、thoracic vertebrae D、sternum
8、Which of the following is not in upper extremities. A、patella B、carpal C、radius D、ulna
9、Pectoral girdle includes two bones clavicle and ___________ A、ilium B、pubis C、scapula D、pelvis
10、Which bone is on the little finger side of the forearm? A、humerus B、phalanges C、tibia D、ulna
第六章 呼吸系统（ Respiratory System）
1、Which of the following means nose inflammation? A、bronchitis B、laryngitis C、rhinitis D、gastritis
2、1. Which of the following means paralysis of the voice box? A、laryngitis B、laryngoplasty C、laryngoplegia D、laryngospasm
3、Which of the following means insufficient oxygen in the blood? A、anoxia B、hypoxemia C、hypoxia D、hyperoxia
4、Which of the following means abnormal condition of nose fungus? A、rhinomycosis B、rhinoplasty C、rhinorrhagia D、rhinorrhea
5、Which of the following means normal breathing? A、apnea B、bradypnea C、dyspnea D、eupnea
6、____ in the nasal cavity can increase the air turbulence. A、nasal septum B、nasal conchae C、paranasal sinuses D、palate
7、____ serve(s) as a food and air passageway. A、Pharynx B、Larynx C、Trachea D、Lungs
8、____ is the location of the vocal cords. A、Pharynx B、Larynx C、Trachea D、Lungs
9、____ covers the larynx and trachea during swallowing, which provides protection against food and liquid being inhaled into the lungs. A、Glottis B、Epiglottis C、Thyroid cartilage D、Vocal cord
10、Each bronchiole terminates in a small group of air sacs, called ___. A、bronchi B、respiratory membrane C、alveoli D、hilum
1、The roof of the mouth is known as the ________. A、taste buds B、palate C、uvula D、tongue
2、The crown of the tooth is covered by a layer of ____, the hardest substance in the body. A、enamel B、dentin C、pulp cavity D、root canal
3、The ileum connects to the colon through a sphincter called the ____ valve. A、ileoduodenal B、ileojejunal C、ileocecal D、ileorectal
4、Which of the following teeth do NOT belong to cutting teeth? A、incisors B、cuspids C、bicuspids D、canines
5、When the bile leaves the liver through left and right hepatic duct, it enters ______. A、common bile duct B、pancreatic duct C、cystic duct D、common hepatic duct
6、Which of the following means the study of the mouth? A、neonatology B、enterology C、stomatology D、gynecology
7、Which of the following means the inflammation of the tongue? A、hepatitis B、glossitis C、glossectomy D、cheilitis
8、Which of the following means suturing the lip? A、cheilorrhaphy B、labioplasty C、pharyngitis D、palatorrhaphy
9、Which of the following means condition of common bile duct stone? A、cholelithiasis B、lithotripsy C、sialolith D、choledocholith
10、Which of the following means abnormal appetite? A、dyspepsia B、dysuria C、dysphagia D、dysorexia
1、Which of following means rapid bleeding from bladder? A、cystostomy B、cystotomy C、cystorrhagia D、cystoscope
2、Which of following means excision of a kidney? A、nephrogram B、nephrectomy C、nephritis D、nephromalacia
3、Which of following means kidney disease? A、nephromegaly B、nephroptosis C、nephropathy D、nephropexy
4、Which of following means X-ray record of the renal pelvis? A、pyelogram B、pyelitis C、pyeloplasty D、cystoplasty
5、Which of following means frequent nighttime urination? A、azoturia B、dysuria C、oliguria D、nocturia
6、Renal _____is the place, where the renal artery carries the blood into the kidney and the renal vein carries the blood out of the kidney. A、hilum B、cortex C、medulla D、pyramid
7、The renal ___ is the blood-filtering portion of the nephron. A、corpuscle B、tubule C、calyx D、pelvis
8、The filtering unit of the nephron, which is composed of a tangled cluster of blood capillaries is _____. A、arteriole B、glomerulus C、glomerular capsule D、Bowman’s capsule
9、Which of the following is not the stage of urine formation? A、filtration B、collection C、reabsorption D、secretion
10、The male urethra is not only the outlet for urine but also the passageway for ___. A、electrolytes B、toxins C、albumin D、semen
1、Which of following means excision of the uterus? A、hysteropexy B、hysterectomy C、cervicectomy D、endocervicitis
2、Which of following means milk discharge? A、lactic B、lactorrhea C、menorrhea D、menorrhagia
3、Which of following means surgical repair of breast? A、mammogram B、mammoplasty C、mastalgia D、mastitis
4、Which of following means no menstrual flow? A、amenorrhea B、dysmenorrhea C、oligomenorrhea D、menorrhagia
5、Which of following means blood in fallopian tube? A、salpingostomy B、salpingitis C、hematosalpinx D、pyosalpinx
6、Which layer of the uterus contracts to expel the baby from the mother’s body? A、perimetrium B、myometrium C、endometrium D、cervix
7、___ of the uterus communicates with vagina and the cavity of the uterine body. A、Fundus B、Body C、Isthmus D、Cervix
8、What structure in the uterine tubes has the function of providing site for the fertilization? A、infundibulum B、fimbriae C、isthmus D、ampulla
9、Below the center of the breast there is a ring of pigmented skin, called ___. A、areola B、nipple C、lobules D、alveoli
10、___ can store milk during nursing. A、Lactiferous ducts B、Lactiferous sinuses C、glandular alveoli D、lobules
1、Which of the following means headache? A、encephalaigia B、cephalalgia C、neauralgia D、meningialgia
2、Poliomyelitis possibly means? A、the tumor of spinal cord B、the inflammation of white matter in brain C、disease of grey matter in brain D、inflammation of grey matter in spinal cord
3、The word radiculoneurocele possibly means? A、protrusion of nerve root B、softening of spinal cord C、hardening of brain stem D、the protrusion of neural cell
4、Which of the following means recording the ultrasonic echoes of the brain? A、echoencephalography B、echocephalography C、echocerebrogram D、echocerebrogram
5、encephalosclerosis possibly means? A、narrowing of brain stem B、softening of cerebellum C、hardening of brain D、disease of spinal cord
6、The ___ lobe of the cerebrum controls visual information. A、Frontal B、Parietal C、Occipital D、Temporal
7、The ___ lobe of the cerebrum receives and interprets nerve impulses from sensory receptors and interprets language. A、Frontal B、Parietal C、Occipital D、Temporal
8、Which part of brain is located beneath the posterior part of the cerebrum and maintain the balance and equilibrium A、cerebellum B、medulla C、brain stem D、diencepholon
9、____________receive information from another cell and transmit the message to the cell body A、dentrite B、axon C、neuron D、cell body
10、____________carry messages from sensory receptors to the CNS, central nervous system A、motor neuron B、interneuron C、sensory neuron D、synapse
1、Which of the following shows the study of female? A、urology B、nephrology C、gynecology D、gastrology
2、Which of the following means yellow skin? A、erythroderma B、ichthyoderma C、leukoderma D、xanthoderma
3、Which of the following means abnormal condition of hair fungus? A、anhidrosis B、hyperhidrosis C、rhinomycosis D、trichomycosis
4、Which of the following means excision of wrinkles? A、rhytidectomy B、onychectomy C、bursectomy D、chondrectomy
5、Which of the following means abnormal condition of porous bones? A、osteotomy B、osteopathy C、osteotome D、osteoporosis
6、Which of the following means tendon pain? A、tenodynia B、tenomyopathy C、tendotomy D、tendoplasty
7、Which of the following means difficult movement? A、dysphagia B、dyspnea C、dyskinesia D、dystrophy
8、What is the general medical term for hardening of the arteries? A、aortic stenosis B、atherosclerosis C、arrhythmia D、arteriosclerosis
9、Which of the following means inflammation of all the sinuses? A、sinusitis B、pansinusitis C、perisinusitis D、tonsillitis
10、Which of the following refers to the instrument to measure the breathing? A、stethscope B、spirometer C、sphygmomanometer D、audiometer
11、Which of the following terms means toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline? A、lateral B、medial C、proximal D、distal
13、Which of the following is not facial bone? A、zygomatic bone B、palatine bone C、lacrimal bone D、sphenoid bone
14、The basal layer also contains special cells called_______, which produce black pigment that gives color to the skin. A、adipocyte B、epithelium C、keratin D、melanocytes
15、Which of the following terms means lying horizontally with face upward? A、deep B、superficial C、supine D、prone
16、Which of the following valve guards the atrioventricular orifice between the left atrium and the left ventricle? A、tricuspid valve B、pulmonary valve C、mitral valve D、semilunar valve
17、Which of the following statement is not true? A、the sinoatrial node sets the rhythm for heart beat B、the signal from the sinoatrial node can be directly transported to Bundle of His C、the signal from the A-V node is passed to bundle of His D、the distal end of the bundle of His is called purkinje fiibers
18、Which bone is located on the upper sides of cranium and roof of skull. A、frontal bone B、parietal bone C、occipital bone D、sphenoid bone
19、Which of the following is commonly referred to as Adam’s apple. A、vocal cord B、thyroid cartilage C、cricoid cartilage D、epiglottis
20、The name for muscle tissue found in the walls of hollow or tube-shaped organs is_____. A、cardiac B、smooth C、skeletal D、myoneural junction
21、Which of the following means difficult digestion? A、dyspepsia B、dysuria C、dysphagia D、dysorexia
22、Which of the following terms means dilated ureter? A、urethrostenosis B、urethrectasis C、ureterectasis D、ureterostenosis
23、Which of the following terms means rapid blood flow from uterus? A、dysmenorrhagia B、urethrorrhagia C、cystorrhagia D、metrorrhagia
24、Which of the following terms means excision of the testes? A、prostatectomy B、oophorectomy C、mastectomy D、orchidectomy
25、Which of the following terms means inflammation of the gray matter of spinal cord? A、myelitis B、glionueroma C、myelomeningocele D、poliomyelitis
26、The ______ sphincter opens and closes to control the passage of food into the small intestine. A、Cardiac B、lower esophageal C、pyloric D、ileocecal
27、27. _____ is the final stage of urine production occurring when the special cells of the renal tubules secrete ammonia, uric acid, and other waste substances directly into the renal tubule. A、Filtration B、Reabsorption C、Secretion D、Evacuation
28、The distal end of each uterine tube expands as it curves around the ovary, forming the _______, where fertilization usually occurs. A、isthmus B、ampulla C、infundibulum D、fimbriae
29、______ is the innermost membrane layer of meninges and is applied directly to the surface of the brain. A、Dura mater B、Arachnoid layer C、Pia mater D、Periosteum
30、Each nephron is composed of a filtering unit consisting of a tangled cluster of blood capillaries called a glomerulus and a surrounding thin-walled saclike structure called a glomerular or________. A、Cowper’s capsule B、Bowman’s capsule C、renal capsule D、loop of Henle
31、The epithelial tissue can provide support and protection to the body.
32、The deepest layer in the dermis is called basal layer.
33、Bat-shaped bone that forms part of the base of the skull, floor, and sides of eye orbit is sphenoid bone.
34、Pulmonary valve is a semilunar valve.
35、Arteries carry blood back to the heart.
36、Uvula can help the production of speech.
37、An afferent arteriole carries blood into the glomerulus.
38、Cervical mucus can block the spread of bacteria from the vagina into the uterus.
39、Inside the mammary glands, there are lobules, which contain lactiferous ducts that produce milk.
40、Parietal lobe of the cerebrum can control motor function, personality, and speech.
41、The________ is the white half-moon shaped part at the nail base.
42、The vertebral or spinal column can be divided into five sections: cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, __________ vertebrae, sacrum and coccyx.
43、The wall of the heart is composed of three distinct layers: an outer epicardium, a middle_________, and an inner endocardium.
44、The maximum pressure achieved during ventricular contraction is called the ________ pressure.
45、In lungs, each bronchiole terminates in a small group of air sacs, called _______.
46、The _____ of the small intestine extends from the pyloric sphincter to the jejunum.
47、Saliva contains the digestive enzyme, _____, which begins the digestion of carbohydrates.
48、Each renal pyramid opens into a _____ ,which is continuous with the renal pelvis.
49、The organ of the female reproductive system, _____, functions to receive, retain, and nourish a fertilized ovum.
50、Nervous tissue consists of two basic types of cells: _____ and neuroglial cells.